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Know your degree-of-protection codes

What level of protection do your machine enclosures offer? Here's a guide.

  • January 2019
  • Number of views: 13858
  • Article rating: No rating
Trade press article — Plant Services

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60529, “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code),” addresses the degrees of protection for electrical machines (motors and generators). The “IP” acronym means “international protection” but is sometimes referred to as “ingress protection.” The IP code is commonly displayed on the nameplates of metric machines that are manufactured to IEC standards.

Electrical machine enclosures: Degree of protection (IP) codes

  • December 2017
  • Number of views: 15221
  • Article rating: 4.0

The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) standard 60529 “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)” addresses the degrees of protection for electrical machines (motors and generators). The “IP” acronym means “International Protection,” but is sometimes referred to as “Ingress Protection.” The IP code is commonly displayed on metric machine nameplates, which are manufactured to IEC standards.

The NEMA MG1 Motors and Generators standards have adopted the IEC standards for the IP designations. Although not prevalent on NEMA machine nameplates, the inclusion of the IP marking is becoming more common. The purpose of this article is to describe the IP code designations and provide examples of the IP codes for common electrical machine enclosures.

Encerramientos de las máquinas eléctricas: Grados de protección (Códigos IP)

  • December 2017
  • Number of views: 16090
  • Article rating: No rating

La norma 60529 de la International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC): “Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP code)” trata los grados de protección de las máquinas eléctricas (motores y generadores). La sigla “IP” significa “Protección Internacional” pero a veces se le conoce como “Protección contra Ingreso”. El código IP se muestra comúnmente en las placas de datos de las máquinas métricas, que son fabricadas con normas IEC. 

Las normas NEMA MG1 Motors and Generators han adoptado las normas IEC para las designaciones IP. Aunque no prevalecen en las placas de datos de las máquinas NEMA, la inclusión del marcado IP se está volviendo más común. El propósito de este artículo es describir las designaciones IP y proporcionar ejemplos de los códigos IP para los encerramientos de las máquinas eléctricas más comunes.

Keeping it cool: A look at causes of motor overheating

  • March 2015
  • Number of views: 14614
  • Article rating: 5.0

We know that excessive temperature and moisture are the largest contributors to bearing and winding failures. Understanding the source of the increased temperature will help us to correct the problem and improve the machine’s life expectancy.

Working with large motor frames: Special care in handling required to avoid damage

  • August 2009
  • Number of views: 8425
  • Article rating: No rating

Due to economies of scale, the use of cast iron is a popular choice in the manufacturing of NEMA and IEC frames. Cast iron is robust and easily machined. It is dimensionally stable and transfers heat well. However, foundry work is an energy-intense process, not well-suited to limited production runs. For larger electric motors, which are manufactured in smaller quantities, the frame is more often fabricated from steel. You may have heard various nicknames for this type of construction: "shoe-box," "skeleton frame," "bathtubs" or other terms. Those who work on these motors regularly know that the frame requires care in handling, especially those fitted with sleeve bearings.

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors

Getting The Most From Your Electric Motors - coverThis 40-page booklet provides great advice for obtaining the longest, most efficient and cost-effective operation from general and definite purpose electric motors.

This booklet covers topics such as:

  • Installation, startup and baseline information
  • Operational monitoring and maintenance
  • Motor and baseline installation data
  • How to read a motor nameplate
  • Motor storage recommendations



EASA/AEMT Rewind Study

EASA Rewind Study cover

The Effect of Repair/Rewinding on Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors
Tests prove Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors can be rewound without degrading efficiency.


ANSI/EASA AR100-2020

ANSI/EASA AR100-2015 cover

Recommended Practice for the Repair of Rotating Electrical Apparatus
This is a must-have guide to the repair of rotating electrical machines. Its purpose is to establish recommended practices in each step of the rotating electrical apparatus rewinding and rebuilding processes.



EASA Technical Manual

EASA Technical Manual cover

Revised May 2024
The EASA Technical Manual is the association's definitive and most complete publication. It's available FREE to members in an online format. Members can also download PDFs of the entire manual or individual sections.