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Two case histories point out the need for caution when working with metal sprayed shafts:
When considering building a large growler for testing armatures and rotors, the initial decision typically is to select a kVA rating. A primary reason for this is that the growler will need to be connected to a power supply of sufficient ampacity at the supply voltage. To help simplify a complex design process, four kVA ratings have been selected for this article.
There are times when a DC motor or generator experiences a catastrophic failure and the customer wants to know why it happened. One type of failure that seems to stimulate lively conversation is when the failure involves dramatic damage to the brushholders and commutator. The term "flashover" describes the appearance of the failure; the very name conveys an accurate mental image of the failure. The questions that arise next are predictable: "What caused this?" and "What can be done to prevent a recurrence?" Or, if the motor was recently repaired: "What did you do to my motor to cause this?!" The purpose of this article is to help you answer those questions.
We all know that stator cores should be burned at a controlled temperature to prevent lamination deterioration that can lead to harmful eddycurrent losses. But what about armatures?
In the April 2007 issue of CURRENTS, we covered surge testing anomalies, specifically for AC windings. The surge test can be used for DC windings as well. It can be a useful tool for evaluating armatures and some DC fields. A note of caution: If a winding does not have a minimum insulation resistance per ANSI/EASA AR100-2006, it is not safe to apply an overpotential test (surge or high potential). Surge testing shunt fields may not provide meaningful results if the surge pulse decays too quickly - if it dissipates through only the first few hundred turns. To obtain a test voltage high enough to test every turn would require too high a voltage. That high voltage would overstress the groundwall insulation.
When an armature is rewound, there is always a slim chance that it may be connected incorrectly. If two coil leads are switched, or if the error results in an armature where each coil closes on itself, normal tests will detect the problem. The trouble arises when the misconnection results in a uniform winding. When that happens, the result may be—in effect—an accidental redesign for a different voltage.
The brushes on a 4-pole, 700 hp DC motor were not wearing at the same rate. In this case, rapid brush wear occurred on two adjacent brush rows - one positive and one negative polarity. The other brushes had minimal wear. Electrical tests found no winding faults, and the air supply was clean. Most of us suspect low current-density when rapid brush wear occurs. A lightly loaded DC motor can "dust" a set of brushes in short order. Changing the brush grade (or removing some of the brushes) will usually solve the problem.
Describes the correct procedure for taking data from hand-wound DC armatures. Shows how to record the data on typical DC data sheets, and explains the terminology used describing DC data. Points out differences between lap and wave windings.
Provides step-by-step instructions on winding a DC armature, including how to install end fibres and slot liners, how to wind and shape the armature coils and how to make the commutator connections.
This 40-page booklet provides great advice for obtaining the longest, most efficient and cost-effective operation from general and definite purpose electric motors.
This booklet covers topics such as:
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The Effect of Repair/Rewinding on Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors
Tests prove Premium Efficiency/IE3 Motors can be rewound without degrading efficiency.
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Recommended Practice for the Repair of Rotating Electrical Apparatus
This is a must-have guide to the repair of rotating electrical machines. Its purpose is to establish recommended practices in each step of the rotating electrical apparatus rewinding and rebuilding processes.
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